D’Onofrio 1 Anna D’OnofrioMr. HullHonors English IISleeping DisordersPeople spend one-third of their lives, approi!atel" t#ent"-four "ears, sleeping, or at least tr"ing to sleep. All people sleep regardless #hat their age, even a fetus in the !other’s #o!$ has %"%les of sleep &Ste#art 1'(. Sleeping disorders %an $e %aused $" an"thing fro! general stress to ph"siologi%al pro$le!s, and %an affe%t the !an" stages of sleep. )he four !ost %o!!on sleeping disorders that affe%t people in%lude inso!nia, sleep apnea, restless legs s"ndro!e, and sleep terrors. If one #ho has a sleeping disorder leaves it untreated, it %an have signifi%ant negative effe%ts on their overall health. Health" sleep is %riti%al to ever" person’s general health, and the disorders asso%iated #ith sleep need to $e identified and treated in order to !aintain a state of #ell-$eing. A %"%le of sleep involves t#o *e" phases, and disorders %an arise due to aniet", stress, or pro$le!s #ithin the $od". )he t#o t"pes of sleep are %alled non-+EM and +EM. on-+EM stands for non-rapid e"e !ove!ent. )his t"pe of sleep allo#s the $od" and $rain to rest and refresh the!selves &Ste#art '(. on-+EM sleep %onsists of three stages. )he first stage, also *no#n as +EM1, is the stage $et#een $eing a#a*e and sleeping. reathing $e%o!es !ore regular and heart rate $egins to slo#. )his period of ver" light sleep usuall" lasts less than ten !inutes. +EM is the se%ond stage of non-+EM sleep. During this stage !us%le a%tivit" de%reases and %ons%ious a#areness of the outside #orld $egins to fade %o!pletel". Most of our ti!e sleeping is spent in this stage. )he third stage of non-+EM sleep is %alled +EM/, it is also
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